Sexually transmitted diseases are one of the most common problems of public health in the whole world. There are the ones that are curable when treated and the ones that can’t be cured, but can be controlled, like AIDS.
They are transmitted mainly through sexual contact without condom with an infected person. It can be transmitted from mother to son during pregnancy, labor or breast-feeding.
Ways to avoid:
- Use condom;
- Avoid sexual contact with a lot of partners;
- Only use needles and syringes if they are disposable;
- If using sharps, you must sterilize them;
If you feel painful urination, landslides, wounds, itches or warts, look for a doctor! It can be symptoms of a sexually transmitted disease.
World Health Organization estimates that in Brazil the most common sexually transmitted diseases are:
- Syphilis: 937.000
- Chlamydia: 1.967.200
- Genital herpes: 640.900
- HPV: 685.400
Since 1986, notification of AIDS and syphilis to doctors and health organizations are required, according to Health Ministry of Brazil. And since 2000, register of HIV in pregnant women and newborns are also required.